Resources

  • 1 de Paz-Lugo P, Lupiáñez JA, Meléndez-Hevia E. High glycine concentration increases collagen synthesis by articular chondrocytes in vitro: acute glycine deficiency could be an important cause of osteoarthritis. Amino Acids. 2018 Oct;50(10):1357-1365. doi: 10.1007/s00726-018-2611-x. Epub 2018 Jul 13. PMID: 30006659; PMCID: PMC6153947.
  • 2 Williams S, Krueger N, Davids M, Kraus D, Kerscher M. Effect of fluid intake on skin physiology: distinct differences between drinking mineral water and tap water. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2007 Apr;29(2):131-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-2494.2007.00366.x. PMID: 18489334.
  • 3 Garzon P, Eisenberg MJ. Variation in the mineral content of commercially available bottled waters: implications for health and disease. Am J Med. 1998 Aug;105(2):125-30. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9343(98)00189-2. PMID: 9727819.
  • 4 Shrimanker I, Bhattarai S. Electrolytes. 2023 Apr 23. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan–. PMID: 31082167.
  • 5 Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR. An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages. Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13:47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47. PMID: 24884613; PMCID: PMC4052333.
  • 6 Sollanek KJ, Kenefick RW, Cheuvront SN. Osmolality of Commercially Available Oral Rehydration Solutions: Impact of Brand, Storage Time, and Temperature. Nutrients. 2019 Jun 29;11(7):1485. doi: 10.3390/nu11071485. PMID: 31261904; PMCID: PMC6682936..
  • 7 Dmitrieva NI, Gagarin A, Liu D, Wu CO, Boehm M. Middle-age high normal serum sodium as a risk factor for accelerated biological aging, chronic diseases, and premature mortality. EBioMedicine. 2023 Jan;87:104404. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104404. Epub 2023 Jan 2. PMID: 36599719; PMCID: PMC9873684.
  • 8 Liska D, Mah E, Brisbois T, Barrios PL, Baker LB, Spriet LL. Narrative Review of Hydration and Selected Health Outcomes in the General Population. Nutrients. 2019 Jan 1;11(1):70. doi: 10.3390/nu11010070. PMID: 30609670; PMCID: PMC6356561.
  • 9 Meléndez-Hevia E, De Paz-Lugo P, Cornish-Bowden A, Cárdenas ML. A weak link in metabolism: the metabolic capacity for glycine biosynthesis does not satisfy the need for collagen synthesis. J Biosci. 2009 Dec;34(6):853-72. doi: 10.1007/s12038-009-0100-9. PMID: 20093739.
  • 11 Leiper JB. Fate of ingested fluids: factors affecting gastric emptying and intestinal absorption of beverages in humans. Nutr Rev. 2015 Sep;73 Suppl 2:57-72. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuv032. Erratum in: Nutr Rev. 2020 Sep 1;78(9):781. PMID: 26290292.